File:Adenozin Hrvatski: Shema građe adenozin trifosfata | Description=Shema građe adenozin trifosfata |Date= English Turkish online dictionary Tureng, translate words and terms with different pronunciation options. adenosine triphosphate adenozin trifosfat atp. Translations in context of “adenozin-trifosfat” in Romanian-English from Reverso Context: Menținerea nivelurilor de adenozin-trifosfat (ATP) prin reducerea.

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The process is promoted by RNA polymerases.

Phase 1, “the preparatory phase”, glucose is converted to 2 d-glyceraldehyde phosphate g3p. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Botulism Campylobacter jejuni Clostridium perfringens Escherichia coli O Protein metabolism Protein synthesis Catabolism. The main control point for the glycolytic pathway is phosphofructokinase PFKwhich is allosterically inhibited by high concentrations of ATP and activated by high concentrations of AMP.

H4 Escherichia coli O Bioenergetics 3 3rd ed. ATP is also a substrate of adenylate cyclasemost commonly in G protein-coupled receptor signal transduction pathways and is transformed to second messengercyclic AMP, which is involved in triggering calcium signals by the release of calcium from intracellular stores. Steroid metabolism Sphingolipid metabolism Eicosanoid metabolism Ketosis Reverse cholesterol transport.


In addition, in Step 10, two further equivalents of ATP are produced. ATP can also be synthesized through several so-called “replenishment” reactions catalyzed by the enzyme families of nucleoside diphosphate kinases NDKswhich use other nucleoside triphosphates as a high-energy phosphate donor, and the ATP: Adenosine receptor agonists Neurotransmitters Purinergic signalling Cellular respiration Exercise physiology Nucleotides Coenzymes Purines Adehozin aids.

Fatty acid degradation Beta oxidation Fatty acid synthesis. In its many reactions related to metabolism, the adenine and sugar groups remain unchanged, but the triphosphate is converted to di- and monophosphate, giving respectively the derivatives ADP and AMP. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Devon colic Swill milk scandal Bradford sweets poisoning English beer poisoning Morinaga Milk arsenic poisoning incident Minamata disease Iraq poison grain disaster Toxic oil syndrome Jack in the Box E.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. From the perspective of biochemistryATP is classified as trjfosfat nucleoside triphosphatewhich indicates that it consists of three components: In Step 7, two ATP are produced.

Electron acceptors are other than oxygen. This article needs additional citations for verification. The coupling reaction proceeds in two steps:. Amino acid synthesis Urea cycle. Qdenozin metabolism Iron metabolism Ethanol metabolism. This pumping generates a proton motive force that is the net effect of a pH gradient and an electric potential gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane.

Found in all forms of life, ATP is often referred to as the “molecular unit of currency ” of intracellular energy transfer.

ATP first discovered in “. It involves substrate-level phosphorylation in the absence of a respiratory electron transport chain. They share a small number of common folds.

A net of two ATPs are formed in the glycolysis cycle. An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals 13th ed. Cobalamins Vitamin B In oxidative phosphorylation, the passage of electrons from NADH and FADH 2 through the electron transport chain pumps protons out of the mitochondrial matrix and into the intermembrane space.

Transporting chemicals out of a cell against a gradient is often associated with ATP hydrolysis. Look up in Linguee Suggest as a translation of “adenozin trifosfat” Copy.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: It should not be summed up with the orange entries The translation is wrong or of bad quality. ATP synthase then ensues exactly as in oxidative phosphorylation. Anaerobic respiration is respiration in the absence of O 2.


Transport is mediated by ATP binding cassette transporters. The “machinery” is similar to that in mitochondria except that light energy is used to pump protons across a membrane to produce a proton-motive force. Cells secrete ATP to communicate with other cells in a process called purinergic signalling. The pyruvate generated as an end-product of glycolysis is a substrate for the Krebs Cycle.

Purine metabolism Nucleotide salvage Pyrimidine metabolism. ATP serves as a neurotransmitter in many parts of the nervous system, modulates cilliary beating, affects vascular oxygen supply etc. The overall process of oxidizing glucose to carbon dioxidethe combination of pathways 1 and 2, is known as cellular respirationproduces about 30 equivalents of ATP from each molecule of glucose.

Adenosine triphosphate – Wikipedia

Dozens of ATP equivalents are generated by the beta-oxidation of a single long acyl chain. Enzyme inhibitors of ATP-dependent enzymes such as kinases are needed to examine the binding sites and transition states involved in ATP-dependent reactions.

Cheese analogues Coffee substitutes Egg substitutes Meat analogues bacon list Milk substitutes Phyllodulcin Salt substitutes. Molecular Cell Biology 5th ed. Photosynthesis Anoxygenic photosynthesis Chemosynthesis Carbon fixation. You helped to increase the quality of our service. Pentapotassium triphosphate Special formulae for particular nutritional uses eur-lex.

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