The famous Pythagorean Theorem was not really discovered by Greek Mathematician Pythagoras but Indian Mathematician Baudhayana, Mathematician. Indian mathematician, also a priest, believed to have flourished c. BCE. Believed to have been a skilled craftsman, thus to. The mathematics given in the Sulbasutra-s enables It is clear from the writing that Baudhayana.
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How disheartening it is to know that many of the advanced knowledge in science and mathematics and astronomy and medicine that we know today are said to be the discoveries of Europeans while the truth is that long before the west even came out of Stone Age, ancient Indian sages and scholars had not only discovered them but also put them to regular use!
Those robbers, in an attempt to show racial supremacy even created the hoax of Aryan Race that never actually existed. It is even sadder that we Indians run for their culture while ignoring our own. It is high time that we start recognizing and respecting our own culture and it is high time that west starts giving credit for things that rightfully belongs to us. Today we will focus of Pythagoras Theorem.
The truth however is that ancient Indian sage Kanada came up with Atomic Theory over 2, years before John Dalton and ancient Indian mathematician and possibly a baudhauana and an architect name Baudhayana actually gave the Pythagoras Theorem over years before Pythagoras was even born.
Aryan Invasion Theory — Debunking the Myth. Not much is known about Baudhayana. However, historians attach the date c. Not even the exact date of death of this great mathematician is recorded. Some believe that he was not just a mathematician but in fact, he was also a priest and an architect of very high standards. The case of Baudhayana is one of the many examples where Greeks and other western civilizations took credit of the discoveries originally made by ancient Indians.
Baudhayana in particular is the person who contributed three important things towards the advancements of mathematics:. Baudhayana wrote what is known mathematixian Baudhayana Sulbasutra.
It is one of the earliest Sulba Sutras written.
About Baudhayana sutras | Mathematician | India | UpClosed
Now Sulba Sutras are nothing but appendices to famous Vedas and primarily dealt with rules of altar construction. In Baudhayana Sulbasutra, there are several mathematical formulae or results that told how to precisely construct an altar. In essence, Baudhayana Sulbasutra was more like a pocket dictionary, full of formulae and results for quick references.
Baudhayana essentially belonged to Yajurveda school and hence, most of his work on mathematics was primarily for ensuring that all sacrificial rituals were performed accurately. One of the most important contributions by Baudhayana was the theorem that has been credited to Greek mathematician Pythagoras.
There is an irony to this as well that we will discuss in a while. What later became known as Pythagorean Theorem has been mentioned as a verse or a shloka in Baudhayana Sulbasutra. Here is the exact shloka followed by English interpretation:. So the question is, what the heck do these horizontal and vertical sides refer to?
Some people have argued mathemstician the sides refer to the sides of a rectangle and some say that they refer to the sides of a square. Fortunately, there is no reference to drawn to right-angled isosceles triangle and hence, the shloka lends itself to geometrical figures with unequal sides as well.
If so, it is actually the statement of the Pythagorean Theorem that came to existence at least years before Pythagoras was even born! It is not that Baudhayana was the only person who came up with the theorem. Later came Apastamba — another mainstream mathematician from ancient India who too provided the Pythagorean Triplet using numerical calculations.
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So baudhwyana next big question, baudnayana the hell is the theorem attributed to Pythagoras and not Baudhayana? Later on when the Greeks started proving baudhayzna, they specifically Euclid and some others provided geometrical proof. However, mathematicisn thing that was interestingly suppressed that Baudhayana not only gave the proof of Pythagorean Theorem in terms of area calculation but also came up with a geometric proof using isosceles triangles.
So essentially, Baudhayana gave the geometric proof and Apastamba gave the numerical proof. Later on, many historians actually tried to find a relation between Pythagoras and Pythagorean Theorem but actually failed to find any such link but they did manage to find a relation between the theorem and Euclid, who was born several hundred years after Pythagoras.
Here is something more surprising. Many historians have actually come up with evidences that Pythagoras traveled from Greece to Egypt to India and then back to Greece. Possibly Amthematician learned the theorem in India and took the knowledge back to Greece but hid the fact that the source of the knowledge was India. It is not unnatural to find many critics from western world who prefer to maintain their facade of racial supremacy and egoistic western imperialism who blatantly try mathematiciwn discredit Baudhayana even today.
They argue that what Baudhayana gave was a mere statement and that to in form of a verse or poetry or shloka and that there is no hardcore proof. Even if we are to believe that Baudhayana did not give a proof, how on earth we are supposed to believe that someone gave a formula, which forms the very basis of geometry and algebra, without really knowing the explanation or proof in details?
Is that even possible?
So, these egoistic western critics are very flimsy with their criticism. We should not forget that many literally thousands and thousands books and libraries were burned to ashes under British Imperialist rule of Indian subcontinent. Many of our age-old ancient knowledge has been burned down to ashes and completely destroyed by these idiots. Not just the British, India also suffered a lot during Islamic conquests. It is high time that the world looks at India with respect for producing the most advanced knowledge it science, philosophy, astronomy and medicine when the rest of the world was doomed in the darkness of ignorance.
It was not just the Pythagorean Baudhayana Theorem that was first provided by Baudhayana. This value can be found in Baudhayana Sulbasutra Chapter 1, Verse Whatever Baudhayana wrote in Sanskrit actually boils down to this symbolic representation:.
In above restricted case, the error would be of the order of 0. The Greeks and other western mathematicians simply stole those discoveries, who, through the annals of history, became known as the discoverers of those concepts while Baudhayana remained discredited for his discoveries that laid down the foundations of geometry and algebra.
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