Bhagat Namdev Ji (29 October, – ) (Gurmukhi: ਭਗਤ ਨਾਮਦੇਵ) was born on October 29, in the state of Maharashtra village of Naras-Vamani. Poetry of Sant Namdev Ji in Punjabi-Hindi-Urdu. The spiritual message of Bhagat Namdev emphasized the importance of living the life of a householder ( grist. Bhagat Namdev Ji [Prof. Brahm Jagdish Singh] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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Bhagat Namdev Ji 29 October, – Gurmukhi: Most of the spiritual message of Bhagat Namdev, just like our gurus’, emphasized the importance of living the life of a householder grist Jivan and that through marriage and having a family one could attain enlightenment. He emphasized that the truest form of bandage or devotional meditation, is to enter matrimony and jointly seek the holy experience Waheguru.
Namdev was married before he was eleven years of age to Rajabal, daughter of Govinda Sheti Sadavarte.
They had four sons and one daughter. Janabai, the family’s maidservant and a bhagat and poetess in her own right, records the tradition that Namdev was born to Gonabai as a result of her worship of Vitthala in Pandharpur. God’s name was always on the lips of Bhagat Namdev Ji. He was asked by the king to show miracles. He refused to do so and was thrown before a drunk elephant to be crushed to death.
God saved His own bhagat. This is the reason that Guru Granth Sahib contains verses of fifteen such bhagats. In some cases Guru Granth Sahib is the only voice remaining for such bhagats over the years. Under the guiding of Janadeva, Namdev was converted to the path of Bhagati. He became a disciple of Bhagat Naneshwar, a holy man of Maharshtra.
Namdev married to Raj Bai, who came from a respectable business family, and lived a householder’s life.
He had four sons and a daughter. Gona Bai remained occupied in various odd jobs to make both ends meet. However, his maternal grandfather, who was a deep devotee of Tahkur Stone deityleft an indelible impression on young Namdev’s mind. Once, his maternal grandfather asked Namdev that he should offer milk to the Tahkur in his absence away from home. Namdev peristed with his prayer and submission before the deities to accept his offer of milk with such devotion that God Himself intervened and entered the deities to accede the prayer of his devotee.
This happened at Pandarpur. Namdev later on refers to this incident in his hymn: Taking the golden cup, Nam Dev filled it with the ambrosial milk, and placed it before the Lord. His devotion reached such a pitch that, once a dog ran away, snatching his food.
Namdev chased the beast with a tin of ghee butter oil in hand saying: O Bhagat of God! Stop a while and let me smear the loaves with butter oil, otherwise how would you eat the course parts! Vitthala of Pandharpur was another object of Namdev’s devotion and he spent much of his time in worship and kirtan, chanting mostly verses of his own composition.
In the company of Janadeva and others, he roamed about the country and later came to the Punjab where he is said to have lived for more than twenty years at Ghoman, in Gurdaspur district, where a temple in the form of samadh still preserves his memory. In his early fifties, Namdev settled down at Pandharpur where he gathered around himself a group of devotees. His abhangas or devotional lyrics became very popular, and people thronged to listen to his kirtan. Namdev’s songs have been collected in Namdevachi Gatha which also includes the long autobiographical poem Tirathavah.
His Hindi verse and his extended visit to the Punjab carried his fame far beyond the borders of Maharashtra.
These hymns or shabads share the common characteristic of lauding the One Supreme God distinct from his earlier verse which carries traces of idolatry and saguna bhakti. In the course of his spiritual quest, Namdev had, from being a worshipper of the Divine in the concrete form, become a devotee of the attribute-less nirguna Absolute. Bhagat Nam Dev is a pioneer of the Radical bhakti School. Though he appeared a century earlier than Kabir, his religious and social views are very much like those of Kabir.
He unambiguously repudiates all the four fundamentals of Vaisnavism.
Though in his devotional approach, he is clearly a monotheist, he makes many pantheistic statements too, e. His devotion was purely of the non-attributional absolute. He also considers God to be immanent, everywhere, in all hearts, and the Creator of everything.
Like Kabir and the Sufis, Namdev is very other worldly. He says, “The strength of contempt of the world should be in the body an unchanging bhafat. One should lay aside differences between oneself and others, and feel no anxiety for things of the world. If it had been possible for a man to find God while he was pursuing Samsara, then Sanaka and others would not have grown mad after God.
If it had been possible for nzmdev to see God while carrying on the duties of a householder, the great Suka namdeg not have gone to the forest to seek God. Had it been possible for people to find God in their homes, they would not have left them to find out. Nam Dev has left all these things, and is approaching God in utter submission.
Bhagat Namdev thrown before a drunk elephant. Namdev’s cosmogenic views are also orthodox. He says that God created maya and “maya is the name of the power that placeth man in the womb. To him, shop, shopkeeper, men and everything are unreal excepting God.
Against this background he sought release from the world and suggested renunciation: The world being a play of maya and not being a worthwhile arena for spiritual endeavours, Namdev’s goal was to have union with God through devotion and singing His praises.
He says, “I perform worship, sing God’s praises and meditate on Him for eight bjagat in bhagwt day i. At the same time, he suggests good conduct and purity of life. For, God created all men alike. Though he holds every person responsible lor his acts, he clearly does not believe in a world rigidly governed by karma.
If everything were determined by karma, who created karma originally? Namdev not only claims union with God, but, like Kabir, also states that more than once God miraculously intervened on his behalf to reveal Nnamdev to him, or help him. Without doubt, Nam Dev’s approach remains otherworldly both before and after his achievement. At one time, he even gave up work so as to remain absorbed in his worship and meditations. He never initiated any religious institution or movement. His was a solitary search for Namdve, without creating any social or religious organisation.
Bhagat Namdev Ji
We find that in his repudiation of Vaisnava doctrines, in his metaphysical ideas, methodology and goal, and more particularly in his otherworldly approach to the world and society, Namdev’s views are quite identical with those of Kabir.
The shabad by Bhagat Nam Dev in the Siri Guru Granth Nwmdev where bbagat temple rotated towards his direction as he was not allowed to sit in there. Temple in Pandharpur, where the Eastern entrance is called Namdev Gate. Ghoman is situated about 26 km Southeast of Batala city and about 10 km from Sri Bhagar. It is towards west side of Sri Hargobindpur. Ghoman is associated with Baba Namdev Baba Namdev was the founder of this town and meditated here for 17 long years.
Here he did miraculous deeds. The eastern entrance to this temple is known as the Namdev gate after the great 13th century Vaishnava bhagat. The sanctum enshrines the standing image of Vithoba also known as Panduranga, Pandhari or Vitthala. Stylistically the image dates back to the 5th century.
There are inscriptions in this temple dating back to the 13th century which place origin of this shrine to the 6th century. This na,dev to Bhagat ji’s profession as a printer of cloth.
Bhagat Namdev ji |
Some of them were also tailors as this was a profession connected with clothes. Bhagat Namdev’s contemporaries looked upon him solely as a low caste man.
However, he was blessed with a unique deep love for, and firm faith in, the Divine. Consequently, he happened to rule over the hearts of God-loving people. Guru Ram Das ji acknowledges his uniquely beautiful love for the Divine and refers to it in one of his hymns: Nam Dev loved the Lord; the people called him a fabric dyer.
Guru Arjan Sahib ji held him in such high esteem as he declared that Namdev was one with God because he ever remembered Him. For such a pious soul, none was alien. However, this innocent pious and unprejudiced attitude, coupled with universal admiration; became the cause of jealousy for the high caste Brahmins. Consequently, Namdev had to bear the brunt of their displeasure at every step. So much so that once this pious being, who was ever mystically attained with God, was thrown out of the temple for being a low caste.
This happened in the temple of Nag Nath in the village of Aund; situated in Dist. It was in this temple that Namdev, blisfully fixated on Naam, wanted to sing hymns in eulogy of God.
The so-called high caste preists in the temple snatched castanets from him and threw him out.
Bhaagat humble devotee of God, had heartfelt sadness at this. In fact, due to the union between God and His humble devotee, it is said that through Divine intervention, the temple moved to face him, despite his sitting outside. This incident is reffered to in a hymn in the SGGS: While Nam Dev was worshipping, he was grabbed and driven out. Rather, they availed themselves of another opportunity to incite Emperor Mohammed Tughlak against him.
Bhagat Namdev Ji
The emperor then asked Namdev to prove his spiritual power by reviving a dead cow. Namdev refused to interfere in the will of his beloved Lord. His plain refusal infuriated the emperor as a result of which, he was immediately arrested and tortured in many ways.