Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about. Bergson. – Duration And Simultaneity [Book Review]. J. Merleau-Ponty Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant.
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The earth is a system.
Guerlac, Suzaane,Thinking in Time: To them, Peter and Paul could have been merely names of clocks, and all that they claimed was that when the clock Paul rejoined the clock Peter, it could be observed to have recorded a shorter lapse of time.
Memories are descending down the cone from the past to the present perception and action. In this way, we overcome the inadequacy of all images of duration. It is true that this second sys- tem can in turn be mentally set in motion without thought necessarily electing to settle in a third system. Let us cal- culate the amount of the error.
Comprehensive analytic knowledge then consists in reconstruction or re-composition of a thing by means of synthesizing the perspectives. A representation jenri always in the image virtually.
Let us then schematically describe the experiment set up by the American physicist, Michelson, as early asrepeated B M Siultaneity 1 by tan and Morley inand recommenced with even greater care by Morley and Miller in By a very different route than the one we saw before, Bergson shows, once again, that our habitual way of knowing, based in needs, is the only obstacle to knowledge of the absolute.
Thus Bergsonian intuition is always an intuition of what is other. The danger, which I think he saw instinctively but was not able effectively to avert, was that of mistaking ideas for experiences, symbols for obser- vations. Only signals emitted through the ether meet this requirement: Descartes posited that everything relating to physics is spread out and moving in space; he thereby gave the ideal formula of a universal mechanism.
The benefit of this image is that it presents a continuity of experiences without juxtaposition. But, as soon as a physicist regards the relativity of motion as radical, he has to try to envisage accelerated motion as relative. But, nesses as we niLZ? Let us confine ourselves here to remarking that no matter how much this operation appears learned, it is native to the human mind; we practice it instinc- tively.
Kant’s moral philosophy has its source in such needs. Sean Enda Power – – Erkenntnis 77 1: Now that S’ has separated from S as a result of the doubling, the individual in S’, who is unaware of being in motion, leaves his clocks C’ 0C’ u C’ 2etc.
When Peter and the star are held to move, however, the clock on the star is behind Paul’s when it reaches him and ahead when it leaves him. As the result of motion, a longer drawn-out, expanded time comes to occupy the spatial interval between two positions of the clock hand.
Then gravita- tional fields must be postulated to start, reverse, and stop reter, while the operation of Paul’s engine-which, in the tormer way of speaking, caused his accelerations —now serves to Keep rum at rest by neutralizing the effect of the fields.
Henri Bergson (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
In just the same way the thousands of successive positions of a runner are contracted into one sole symbolic attitude, which our eye perceives, which art reproduces, and which becomes for everyone the image of a man who runs Matter and Memorypp. The next contribution to Nature 2 began, “May I suggest an alternative approach to this problem.
The story goes that his wife obeyed this order, throwing all of her husband’s papers into the fireplace. Science Logic and Mathematics. On both theories it will read an earlier time than B on arrival.
There is a rumor that she destroyed a half-written manuscript. Observers attached to the moving system will judge that the second experiment confirms the first. Inhe was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.
Of this new state we assume that it remains unvarying in its turn and siultaneity on endlessly. The two forces are, however, but two complementary manifestations of life. This point is an essential part of Bergson’s demonstration of the compatibility of his philosophy of duration with the considerations of time in Einstein’s theory of relativity. A Dialogue on Bergson.
We shall return to this problem of Bergson’s temporary disappearance from the philosophical scene. Moreover, if he has any doubt, he proceeds anew to his synchronizing; he simply finds the confirmation of what he had observed in the motion- less state.
Without the con- tinual unfolding, there would be only space, and a space that, no longer subtending a duration, would no longer represent time. In his paper 3 announcing the result of his first per- formance of the experiment he wrote: Bergson sought to improve upon inadequacies he perceived in the philosophy of Herbert Spencerdue, he believed, to Spencer’s lack of comprehension of mechanicswhich led Bergson to the conclusion that time eluded mathematics and science.
This would not be possible without the tendency— fertile in illusions— which leads us to apply durtaion mo- tion against the distance traveled, to make the trajectory coin- cide with the journey, and bwrgson to decompose the motion over the line as we decompose the line itself; if it has suited us dueation single out points on the line, these points will then become positions” of the moving body as if the latter, moving, could ever coincide with something at rest, as if it would not thus stop moving at oncel.
Turning from the future to the past, however, we may say that in one fundamental respect the influence bergwon philosophy of the schools generated by relativity theory has been un- fortunate.